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The Difference Between A Small Business, An LLC And A Corporation


Last Updated on November 4, 2022 by Tehreem Fatima

If you’re thinking of starting a business, you might be wondering what the best legal structure is for your company. You have a few options, but the three most common are small businesses, LLCs and corporations. Here’s a brief rundown of the key differences between them.

What is a small business?

A small business is a privately owned and operated company with a limited number of employees and revenues. Small businesses are often family-owned and -operated, and their owners are typically involved in the day-to-day operations.

There are several types of business structures that qualify as small businesses, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, limited liability companies (LLCs), and corporations. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to choose the right structure for your business.

Sole proprietorships are the simplest and most common type of small business. They’re owned and operated by a single individual, and there’s no legal distinction between the owner and the business. This structure offers flexibility and simplicity, but it also comes with some risks, since the owner is personally liable for all debts and liabilities incurred by the business.

Partnerships are similar to sole proprietorships in that they’re owned by two or more individuals, but there’s a legal distinction between the partners and the partnership itself. Partners share profits and losses equally, and they’re each personally liable for debts incurred by the business. This structure can offer some tax advantages, but it also comes with some complexities.


What is an LLC?

An LLC, or limited liability company, is a business structure that offers personal liability protection and flexibility when it comes to taxation and management. LLCs are popular among small businesses and entrepreneurs because they are easy to set up and maintain.

When you form an LLC, you will file articles of organization with your state. This document outlines the basic information about your LLC, such as the name, address, and purpose of the business. You will also need to choose a registered agent, who will be responsible for receiving legal documents on behalf of the LLC.

Once your LLC is formed, you will need to obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS. This number is used for tax purposes and will be required when you open a bank account and file taxes.

The biggest advantage of an LLC is that it offers personal liability protection. This means that if your LLC is sued, the creditors can only go after the assets of the business, not your personal assets. LLCs are also flexible when it comes to taxation. You can choose to be taxed as an S corporation or a C corporation, or you can elect to have your LLC taxed as a partnership.

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What is a corporation?

A corporation is a legal entity that is separate and distinct from its owners. A corporation is owned by shareholders and operated by a board of directors. The primary purpose of a corporation is to make a profit for its shareholders.

A corporation is subject to corporate income tax. The profits of a corporation are divided between the shareholders and the company itself. The shareholders receive dividends, which are a portion of the company’s profits. The corporation also pays taxes on its profits.

A corporation can be either for-profit or nonprofit. For-profit corporations are formed to make a profit for their shareholders. Nonprofit corporations are formed to further a charitable or public purpose.

Corporations can be either privately held or publicly traded. Privately held corporations are owned by a small group of shareholders, while publicly traded corporations are owned by many shareholders. Publicly traded corporations are required to disclose their financial information to the public.

There are several advantages and disadvantages of incorporation. Advantages include limited liability for shareholders, perpetual existence, and easy transfer of ownership. Disadvantages include double taxation and increased regulation.

The benefits of each type of business entity

There are many different types of business entities, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. Choosing the right type of entity for your business can be a complex decision, and it is important to consult with a qualified attorney or accountant to ensure that you choose the best option for your particular business.

The three most common types of business entities are sole proprietorships, limited liability companies (LLCs), and corporations. Each type of entity has its own distinct advantages and disadvantages.

Sole Proprietorship: A sole proprietorship is the simplest and most common type of business entity. This type of entity is owned and operated by one person, and there is no legal distinction between the owner and the business itself. The main advantage of a sole proprietorship is that it is relatively simple and easy to set up and operate. The main disadvantage is that the owner is personally liable for all debts and obligations of the business.

Limited Liability Company (LLC): An LLC is a more complex type of business entity than a sole proprietorship, but it provides its owners with greater liability protection. An LLC is owned by one or more individuals or entities, known as members. The LLC itself is not taxed as a separate entity

How to decide which type of business entity is right for you

There are many different types of business entities, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. The type of business entity you choose will depend on a number of factors, including the size and scope of your business, your personal financial situation, and the level of liability protection you need.

If you’re starting a small business, you may want to consider a sole proprietorship or an LLC. A sole proprietorship is the simplest type of business to set up, and it offers the least amount of liability protection. An LLC offers more liability protection than a sole proprietorship, but it’s more complex to set up and maintain.

If your business is larger or if you’re looking for the highest level of liability protection, you may want to consider setting up a corporation. A corporation is a more complex business entity, and it can be more expensive to set up and maintain than an LLC. However, a corporation offer the greatest level of liability protection for its owners.


Deciding which business entity is right for your company can be a daunting task. There are many factors to consider, such as the size of your business, the amount of liability you’re willing to take on and the tax implications of each type of entity. This article has hopefully given you a better understanding of the difference between a small business, an LLC and a corporation so that you can make an informed decision about which one is right for your business.